What is Structured Cabling?
A structured cabling system is a complete system of cabling and associated hardware, which provides a widespread telecommunications infrastructure for business communications. This system allows the continuous flow of information, from data and voice to security and wireless connections.
A structured cabling system includes the following six components:
Horizontal wiring: Most of its cables are part of this system, including voice, data, multimedia, security and others. The horizontal cabling system is composed of components between the telecommunications rooms and the work area exits, including telecommunications plugs and connectors, cross connections, connection cables and consolidation points.
Backbone Cabling: Serving as your core information channel, backbone cabling provides interconnection between telecommunications rooms, equipment rooms, access provider (AP) spaces and entrance facilities. It also includes cabling that connects separate buildings.
Telecommunications Room: Telecommunications closet is an enclosed area like a room or a cabinet to house telecommunications equipment, distribution frames, cable terminations and cross connects. This includes intermediate and main cross-connects, patch cords, connecting equipment and auxiliary equipment
Work Area: Work area refers to space where cable components are used between communication outlets and end-user telecommunications equipment this may also include workstation devices such as computers, phones and printers.
Equipment Room (ER): This room houses telecommunications systems such as servers, routers, switches and mechanical terminations. The equipment room can replace the telecommunications room and serve as the entrance facility. Each facility should have at least one equipment room.
Entrance Facility (EF): Cable from the outdoor plant meets the building’s backbone cabling in the entrance facility. Essentially, this is where the service provider system ends and the system owned by your organization begins. Cables, connecting hardware and protection devices are included in the entrance facility.